Hi everyone! As a makeup lover I always wanted to capitally learn the makeup theory. The knowledge of a basic makeup techniques and current trends was never enough to me. I wanted to learn the full makeup history and behind the scenes of cosmetic industry.
That's why some time ago I`ve decided to dedicate few interesting posts and gather them under one rubric of makeup theory. Today I`m going to talk about basic makeup brush anatomy and tell you a little bit about the manufacturing process of our favorite makeup tools. I hope my lesson will be informative for makeup professionals and passionate makeup lovers.
First of all lets take a closer look on a makeup brush appearance and the process of its creation. Basically all brushes high end or a cheap drugstore brushes are made in the same way. The only thing that differs from brand to brand is the quality and origins of the materials used for creation of the brush and manufacturing process on a factory.
Can you believe that every makeup brush out there is handmade? Synthetic or natural, cheap or high end, high quality or low - all brushes are made by hand and though they are unique! People who work on the brush factory pay a very special attention to every step of the production process. It starts with hair preparation - a worker needs to gather, comb and mound hairs together. Then the hairs are carefully inserted in the ferule and pressed by a special machine. To make sure all hairs will stay on the place, they are glued together. Then a handle is added into the ferule and the brush is ready to be packed.
|Basic makeup brush anatomy|
Every makeup brush consists of three main parts: handle, ferrule and a head. These parts can be made of different materials, but they are possibly the most important elements when it comes to the quality of the brush.
Head - the actual hairs or bristles of a brush. There are many types of a hair that are used for makeup brushes. Common makeup brush can be made of a special synthetic or natural animal hairs. Usually manufacturers use squirrel, pony or goat hairs by carefully cutting or even picking the fallen hairs (cruelty free production). Manufacturers can also use different blends of hair for a larger makeup brushes like powder or contouring brushes. Nowadays more and more brands prefer to use synthetic materials over the natural hairs. A special man - made materials are not worse than a natural hair. These materials are non toxic, have very soft and smooth texture and sometimes last longer than a natural hairs. The most common materials used for synthetic makeup brushes are polyester. nylon and taklon.
The fullest part of brush or the flattest part (depends on the type) called a belly. Usually we use this part of the brush to press powder and eyeshadow on the skin. The end of the brush head called toe or point. The toe of a brush can have different shape and size and the final makeup results usually depend on this part of the brush.
Ferrule - a metal tube that holds the hairs and bristles of a brush and connects them with the brush handle. Ferrule is usually made of light metals: brass, copper, aluminum or tin. Ferrule should perfectly fit the head and the handle of the brush, otherwise the bristles will fall out. Ferrule`s heel is a part where the tube gets narrower, it presses and holds all the hair tightly together. A special glue is also used to secure hairs in the ferrule. A part where the ferrule connects with a handle calls crimp.
Handle - a part that is used to hold a brush. A handle can be wooden, plastic or even metal. The size of the handle can be very different, depending on the manufacturer and the type of a brush. Usually an eyeliner brushes have longer and thinner handles, this allows a makeup artist to keep a better balance. Kabuki and some contouring brushes have shorter handles and this allows to have a better control over the brush. Brands and manufacturers use handles to express their imagination and sometimes they create a real masterpieces on this part of a brush. Of course the design of the handle does not effect the final result, but it is always nice to have a beautiful brush set.
Next time we are going to take a closer look on each type of makeup brush and learn how they work with the makeup products and what result they provide. Please check out my previous makeup theory blog post and learn more about Makeup Mixing Palette & How To Use It? Until next time guys, please let me know in the comment section what lessons are you interested in and what would you like to see on my blog.